j) This is a large column from the lighthouse. What made the Pharos lighthouse one of the 7 ancient world wonders? Except for the great pyramids of Egypt, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was the tallest structure in the world until the Eiffel Tower was erected in 1889.
The Pharos was built to warn sailors of the treacherous sandbars off Alexandria, one of the busiest ports of the ancient world. It consisted of a three-stage tower, decorated with sculptures of Greek deities and mythical creatures, atop which stood a lantern with a giant bonfire whose light may have been focused by mirrors, perhaps made of polished bronze, into a beam visible 35 miles out to sea.The world's first lighthouse, the Pharos lasted for 1500 years rendering guidance to sailors coming to the harbor. Built about 270 B.C. and upon completion, the Alexandria lighthouse, estimated to have been about 400 feet high. The Greek architect Sostratus designed it during the reign of King Ptolemy II. It was finaly destroyed by earthquakes in the 14th century A.D.